Homeopathic Approach to Managing Anxiety Disorders interrelated with BPS Model

Homeopathic Approach to Managing Anxiety Disorders interrelated with BPS Model

Introduction:

Anxiety disorders (AD) is characterized by excessive worry, fear, and apprehension; affects a substantial portion of the global population. These disorders can be present in various forms, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. In 2019, 301 million people were living with an anxiety disorder including 58 million children and adolescents. While conventional treatments such as psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy are widely used, there is growing interest in exploring alternatives and complementary therapies, including homeopathy, for the management of anxiety disorders.

ADs as outlined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), represents a diverse range of conditions characterized by excessive fear, worry and avoidance behaviours. While conventional treatments are commonly employed, this article delves into the potential of homeopathic remedies as complementary approaches in the management of anxiety disorders, aligning with the criteria established by the DSM-5.

ADs complex conditions with biological, psychological, and social components, can significantly impact an individual’s well-being. Exploring the capacity of homeopathic remedies as a complementary strategy in the management of anxiety disorders within the Bio-Psycho-Social (BPS) model involves acknowledging the interrelated impacts of biology, psychology and social factors on mental health.

Understanding Anxiety Disorders:

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD):

GAD is marked by persistent and excessive worry about everyday events. It is often accompanied by physical symptoms like restlessness, fatigue and difficulty concentrating.

Panic Disorder:

Individuals with panic disorder experience sudden and intense episodes of fear also known as panic attacks. It may be accompanied by palpitations, sweating and a sense of impending catastrophe.

Social Anxiety Disorder:

Social anxiety disorder involves an intense fear of social situations, leading to avoidance behaviour and significant distress in various aspects of life.

Specific Phobias:

These are irrational fears of specific objects or situations, for example- heights, flying, or animals, resulting in avoidance and anxiety.

Understanding Anxiety Disorders through the BPS Model:

Biological Factors:

Biologically, anxiety disorders involve alterations in neurotransmitter function, genetic predispositions, and physiological responses to stress. Homeopathic remedies addressing these factors may contribute to a holistic approach.

Psychological Factors:

Psychologically, anxiety disorders manifest in distorted thought patterns, cognitive biases, and maladaptive coping strategies. Homeopathic interventions, aligned with psychological aspects may provide tailored support.

Social Factors:

Social factors such as adverse life events, societal expectations and interpersonal relationships contribute to anxiety disorders. Homeopathic approaches can complement conventional interventions by addressing the social context of the individual.

Homeopathic Treatment Approaches:

Homeopathy emphasizes individualized treatment based on the patient’s unique symptoms, emotions, and constitution. Several homeopathic remedies have shown promise in addressing anxiety disorders:

Aconitum Napellus:

Indicated for sudden, intense anxiety with restlessness and fear of death. Aconitum may be beneficial during acute panic attacks.

Argentum Nitricum:

This remedy suits individuals with anticipatory anxiety, especially in social situations and often accompanied by digestive issues and trembling.

Gelsemium Sempervirens:

Useful for anxiety related to performance or upcoming events. Gelsemium is indicated when there is weakness, trembling and a desire for solitude.

Lycopodium Clavatum:

Individuals with generalized anxiety and a fear of failure; especially in social or professional settings; may find relief with Lycopodium.

Arsenicum Album:

For individuals experiencing restlessness, perfectionism and fear of illness, it may be beneficial with health-related anxiety.

References:

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Baldwin DS, et al. (2018). Evidence-Based Pharmacological Treatment of Anxiety Disorders, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Revision of the 2005 Guidelines from the British Association for Psychopharmacology. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 32(9), 855–923.

Pilkington K, et al. (2013). Homeopathy for Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders: A Systematic Review of the Research. Homeopathy, 102(3), 174–182.

Engel, G. L. (1977). The Need for a New Medical Model: A Challenge for Biomedicine. Science, 196(4286), 129–136.

Authors:

Dr. Chandrabhan Sharma (1), Dr. Swati Upadhyay (2)

Designation; Institute:

1. Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Swasthya Kalyan

Homoeopathic Medical College & Research Centre, Jaipur.

2. MD (PGR) Psychiatry, Swasthya Kalyan Homoeopathic Medical

College & Research Centre, Jaipur.

About the author

Dr. Swati Upadhyay

Dr. Swati Upadhyay, MD PGR (Homoeopathy), Department of Psychiatry, Swasthya Kalyan Homoeopathic Medical College & Research Centre, Jaipur