Forensic Medicine & Toxicology - homeopathy360

Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

Medico-legal Autopsy

MEDICO-LEGAL AUTOPSYIt is a post mortem examination of dead bodies to ascertain the cause of either unnatural or suspicious deaths.Historical BackgroundIt is not with surety when was the first medico-legal autopsy was held. But from the record, it...

Asphyxiants

HYDROCYANIC ACID (HCN) PropertiesIn purest form it is gas, anhydrous, colorless and highly volatile liquid.Uses Calcium and magnesium cyanide are used to fumigate ships and houses.Ca (CN)2 used in mining industry.Cyanogen chloride – insecticide.KCN...

Cardiac Poisoning

1. Aconite Natural Order: RanunculaceaePhysical Character2-6 feet height, all parts are poisonous.Active PrinciplesAconine and AconitineSigns and Symptoms Burning, tingling of lips, nausea, salivations and vomiting.Formication over body.Pupils:...

Nux Vomica

Natural Order : LoganaceaeAlkaloidsStrychnine and BrucineUseIP products – used as wormin paste.Medico-legal Importance Homicidal: Used as arrow poisonSuicidalAccidental Fatal Dose Strychnine: 50-100 mgSeed: 1 crashed seed Fatal Period : 1-2...

Cocaine

Cocaine is an alkaloid from plant Erythroxylum coca.UseIt is usually used as local anesthetic agent.Fatal Dose : 1.25 gm by oral routeFatal Period : Within minutes to few hours.Medico-legal ImportanceAccidental poisoning: Locally it paralyses the...

Cannabis Indica

Natural order: UrticaceaeForms in which it is Consumed1.    Bhang/SidhiContains dried leaves and stalk of the plant consumed in the form of decoction or dried leaves are made into paste and taken into the form of a bolus.2...

Datura (Thorn Apple)

It has two varieties: Datura alba (Safe Datura)Datura nigra (Kala Datura) IdentificationThe plant grows upto height of 2-3 meters, has green leaves, bell shaped flower and lobular thorny fruit.Active PrincipleHyocin, Hyoscyamin and DaturineUses As a...

Ethanol

Ethanol is present in the following beverages: Malted liqors (beer)Wines (light claret cider)Fortified portSpirit (rum, gin and whisky) Pure ethanol is transparent, colorless, volatile liquid having characteristic spirituous odor with burning taste...

Preservation Of Viscera

Under the following circumstances, viscera are required to be preserved: Routinely in all cases of homicide.In all cases of death due to suspected poisoning.In all cases of obscured autopsyIn all cases of death due to hanging or drowning.In all...

Exhumation

Exhumation means to dig out, unearth or disinterment. It is done when a person is buried and subsequently doubts are raised regarding the cause of the death. The body is dug out and an autopsy is conducted to ascertain the cause of death. It is in...