Dr. Pramod Kumar Singh1, Dr Dushyant kumar2, Dr. Abhishek3, Dr. PoonamSharma4, Dr. Yudhistir Bhardwaj5, Dr.Khushboo Yadav6, Dr.Peeyush Tiwari6
1.Professor & HOD of Pharmacy, Dr. M.P.K. Homoeopathic Medical College, Hospital & Research Center, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
2,3,4,5,6. MD Scholar, Department of Pharmacy, Dr. M.P.K. Homoeopathic Medical College, Hospital & Research Center, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
6. MD Scholar, Department of Repertory, Dr. M.P.K. Homoeopathic Medical College, Hospital & Research Center, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Abstract– Snakes belongs to class Arachnida, insects to the class insecta, There are found all over the world –in deep sea, mountains, forests, deserts. Around 34,000-40,000 species of spiders exits on the earth. They can survive without any without any water for even whole year, especially in the deserts. Although all spider medicines have many similarities, they also have individual features which help us in selecting the specific medicine.
Keywords– Homoeopathy, Spider medicine, Arachnida
Introduction : Spider belongs to class : Arachnida, Phylum: Arthopoda and Clad : Spider.
Spiders form the largest and most widely distributed order of class of animals called Arachnida which also includes scorpions, false scorpions , mites and ticks.Their toxic venoms have been very useful in homoeopathy.
Arachnida bodies are segmented with well developed heads and hard external skeletons. They have a pair of pincer claws and 4 pairs of legs, all attached to the Cephalothorax.
Body of animals belonging to class Arachnida consist of two parts:
1.Front part-head and chest closely joined forming cephalothorax.2.Back-the abdomen.
Class Arachnida is divided into threetypes:
Spiders are of two types:
1.Aranomorphae or dipneumones with one pair of lungs.They spin cobwebs in air.
2.Mygalomorphae or tetrapneumones with two pairs of lungs.They always live in funnels and tubular holes in ground.
Most species belong to aranomorphe and they are called true spiders or tarentulas.
Spider in Homoeopathy:
Araneadiadema-Spider papal cross- All symptoms of Aranea are characterized by periodicity, and coldness, and great susceptibility to dampness.Feeling as if parts were enlarged and heavier. Wake up at night with hands feeling twice their natural size. Spleen swollen. Hydrogenoid Constitution, i.e, Abnormal sensitiveness to damp and cold, inability to live near fresh water, lakes, rivers, etc, or in damp, chilly places. Menses too early, too copious.Distention of abdomen.Lumbo-abdominal neuralgia.Bone-pains in extremities.Pain in oscalcis. Sensation of swelling, and of parts going to sleep.Coldness, with pain in long bones, and feeling of stone in abdomen at the same hour daily. Chilly day and night; always worse during rain.
Araneascinencia-Gray spider – Latrodectushasselti-New South Wales Black spider
Latrodectuskalipo-New Zealand spider
Latrodectusmactans–American Black Widow-The bite produces tetanic effects that last several days. A picture of Angina pectoris is presented by the action of the drug. The præcordial region seems to be the center of attack. Constriction of chest muscles, with radiation to shoulders and back. Lowered coagulability.
Mygalelasidora-Black Cuban spider–Twitching of facial muscles. Mouth and eyes open in rapid succession. Hot and flushed. Tongue dry and parched; put out with difficulty. Head jerked to one side. Grating of teeth at night.Unsteady gait. Constant motion of whole body.Tremulous.Intense redness in streaks, following course of lymphatics.Twitching of limbs.Restless hands.Convulsive, uncontrollable movements of arms and legs. Limbs drag while walking.
Tarentulacubensis-Cuban Spider—Diphtheria. Adapted to the most severe types of inflammation and pain, early and persistent prostration.Various forms of malignant suppuration.Purplish hue and burning, stinging pains.Bubo. It is the remedy for pain of death; soothes the last struggles. Pruritus, especially about genitalsRed spots and pimples. Feels puffed all over. Carbuncles, burning, stingingpains. Purplish hue.Gangrene.Abscesses, where pain and inflammation predominate.Scirrhus of breasts.”Senile” ulcers.
Tarentulahispanica-spanish spider-Remarkable nervous phenomena; hysteria with chlorosis; chorea, dysmenorrhœa, spinal irritability.Bladder tenesmus. Constriction sensations.Formication; Extreme restlessness; must keep in constant motion even though walking aggravates. Hysterical epilepsy.Intense sexual excitement.Destructive impulses; moral relaxation. Must constantly busy herself or walk. Sensitive to music.Averse to company, but wants some one present. Ungrateful, discontented. Intense pain, as if thousands of needles were pricking into brain. Vertigo.Vulva dry and hot, with much itching.Profuse menstruation, with frequent erotic spasms. Pruritus vulvae; nymphomania. Dysmenorrhœa, with very sensitive ovaries. Twitching and jerking. Yawning with uneasiness of legs, must move them constantly. Extraordinary contractions and movements.
Telaaranearum-spiders web Theridioncurassavicum-west Indian orange spider
General features of spider medicine:-
- Mental Symptoms of spider medicine:
- Time pass too quickly
- All symptoms occur and recur at same regular intervals.Fibrile and neuralgic symptoms return with clock like regularitry.
- Blood causing septic fevers.
- Palpitations with mitral murmurs in heart.There is sensation of trembling in heart with regular pulse.
- Violent itching
- Tingling and tremors
- Vertigo on closing the eyes,frommotion,stopping.vertigo with dim vision and pain in eyes.
Desire : Raw food,colddrinks,bananas,alcoholicdrinks,tobacoo.
Amelioration : Open air,music,dance,warmth.
Group study in Homoeopathic MateriaMedica by Dr. J. D. Patil
Dictionary of practical MateriaMedica –J.H. Clarke
Lecture on Homoeopathic MateriaMedica- Dr. J.T. Kent
HomoepathicMateriaMedica- William Boericke