ROLE OF HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICINE IN ALOPECIA.
Dr. Anjana kumari, Dr.Pardeep kumar1, Dr. Hemlata baswal, Dr.Pushpendra Maharshi1 Dr.Bhupendra Arya1
PG Scholar Dr. MPK Homoeopathic Medical College Hospital & Research Centre (Under Homoeopathy University), Saipura, Sanganer, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Abstract – Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, to a loss of hair from part of the head or body. the body’s immune system to target hair follicles in this way. homeopathy is effective in reducing the symptoms of alopecia .
Keywords- alopecia , repertorys, Homeopathy Remedy
Introduction – Alopecia means hair loss in which there is no fix cause of this condition. It is not related particulary to the scalp; it can be anywhere in the body. Everyone have hundreds to thousands of hair on the head. hair cycle consists of 3 phases: the growth phase is called anagen, the resting phase is called catagen, and the shedding phase is the telogen. Ninety percent hairs are in the growth phase (anagen) and the rest ten percent are in the resting and shedding phases.In telogen phase, hairs are falling out and when hair is going to recycle, and it starts growing again in the (growth) anagen phase.It subdivide into two main categories: scarring and non-scarring.
Etiology – Alopecia areatahave a genetic basis. Between identical twins,a 55% concordance rate has been observed. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) metanalysis have localized the HLA signal of AA mostly to the HLA-DRB1. One locus harboring the genes that encode the natural killer cell receptor D (NKG2D) was implicated in allopeciaareata and not in other autoimmune diseases, which suggests a key role in pathogenesis. Therefore, CD8+ NKG2D T cells have been a subject of study and found to be the major effects in allopeciaareata.
Pathophysiology -Pathophysiology of alopecia is different upon the type of alopecia. In alopecia areata, pathophysiology is unknown, but the most common hypothesis is autoimmunity in the form of T-cell–mediated pathway. In androgenetic alopecia, genetic and hormonal androgens plays role in pathogenesis. In telogen effluvium,hormone or stress can influence the shedding of telogen hairs, but sometimes the trigger is not very clear.Dermatophytes infection is responsible for hair loss in tineacapitis. In Anagen effluvium, the shedding of anagen hairs is under the effect of chemotherapeutic agents. In alopecia mucinosa, the infiltration of the scalp with abnormal lymphocytes is the cause.[
Clinical fecture–Allopecia areata presents as smooth, sharply demarcated, round patches of hair loss without atrophy with “exclamation point hairs” lopecia areata is patchy hair loss. Coin-sized patches of hair begin to fall out, mainly from the scalp. observed on the periphery of the patches.Special designations of the disease include alopecia universalis (AU) (total body hair loss), alopecia totalis (AT) (total scalp hair loss) , or alopecia in an ophiasis pattern (band-like hair loss on the temporal and occipital scalp) . Less common variants include the diffuse variant with widespread thinning of hair across the scalp or the reticular pattern with recurrent hair loss in one area and spontaneous hair regrowth in another.Ophiasisinversus causes band-like hair loss in the frontoparietotemporal area.
Deffertional diagnosis -Traction alopecia, trichotillomania, tineacapitis, secondary syphilis, aplasia cutis, temporal triangular alopecia, are some of the conditions that may be confused with alopecia areata.
1. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out from head : AUR., CALC-C., GRAP., HEP., KALI-C., NAT-M., PHO., SUL., Amb., Ars., Bar-c., Bor., Canth., Carb-v., Ign.,Lyc., Merc., Petr., Pho-ac., Sars., Sep., Sil., Stap.
2. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out , in bunches,spots,etc.:Canth., Iod., hep., pho.,
3. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out from headBregma :Ars., Merc., Nat-m., Pho., bell., hep.,
4. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out from ears,behind :Pho
5. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out from occiput:Carb-v., Petr., pho., sil.,
6. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out from headSides :Calc-c., Grap., Pho.,kali-c.,merc., zin.
7. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out from temples : NAT-M., Kali-c., Merc., par
8. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out from vertex : BAR-C., LYC., Grap., Nit-ac., Sep., calc., hep., sele., sil., zin.,
9. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out from eyebrows : KALI-C., Agar., Bell., Sele., caus., par.,
10. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out from eyelashes :Alu., grap., sele
11. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out from headbeard : GRAP., NAT-M., Agar., Cal-c., ., amb.
12. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out from headmustache : KALI-C., plb.,
13. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out from nostrils :Grap., caus.,
14. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling headache,from:sil., thu.,
15. HEAD-EXTERNAL-Hair, falling out from Parturition :lyc.,
HEAD-HAIR-falling : Aur., Carb-s.,Carb-v.,Fl-ac., Graph., Kali-c.,Kali-s., Lach.,Lyc., Nat-m., Nit-ac., Phos., Sep., Sil., Sulph., Tuja., ambr., am-m., ant-c., arund., aur-m.,bar-c., calc., calc-p., canth.,carb-an., con., elaps., ferr., form., hep., kali-bi., mag-c., merc., merc-c., mez., petr., ph-ac., sel., staph., zinc.
HEAD-HAIR-falling grief, from:ph-ac
HEAD-HAIR-falling handfuls, in :Phos.,mez
HEAD-HAIR-falling menopause :sep
HEAD-HAIR-falling parturition,after: Lyc., Sulph., Calc., canth., carb-v., nat-m., nit-ac., sep.,
HEAD-HAIR-falling pregnancy,during :Lach
HEAD-HAIR-falling spot in:Fl-ac., Apis., calc., hep., phos., psor
HEAD-HAIR-falling forehead :hep.,merc., nat-m., phos., sil.
HEAD-HAIR-falling occiputon :Carb-v., chel., petr.,
HEAD-HAIR-falling side: graph., staph.,
HEAD-HAIR-falling tamples :Kali-c., nat-m.,
homoeopathic remedies can be considered in Alopecia.
Constant moaning. Hair splits; is dry and comes out. Headache worse on right side and when lying down; ill effects, colds, etc; from having hair cut.
Sensation of a band around head. Headache from pressure of hat; full feeling; worse from street noises. Hair falls out. Scalp sensitive.
dry form. Scalp dry, falling of hair; worse, washing. Itching; scratching causes burning.
Hair gray early in life; falls out.
Alopecia. Caries of skin. Pressure on sides of head from within outward. Caries of ossicles and mastoid, with copious discharge; worse warmth
Thuja occidentalis :
White, scaly dandruff; hair dry and falling out. Greasy skin of face.
Sepia officinalis :
Hair falls out. Open fontanelles. Roots of hair sensitive. Pimples on forehead near hair.
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