This article focus on the management of Toothache (odantalgia) through homoeopathy. Along with clinical aspect it also gives a brief information about function, structure and growth of human teeth.
The food has to be cut up into small pieces before swallowing so it can travel down the oesophagus and into the stomach .The job of cutting and grinding of teeth is carried out by the teeth. These are small , hard structures embedded in the upper and lower jaw bones that grip , bite , slice , and crush food into a paste ready for swallowing. There are different types of teeth which are adapted to perform particular functions. As a child grows, his or her jaw bones increase in size, until by the end of adolescence they can accommodate a set of 32 adult teeth.
Structure of a tooth
Every tooth is made up of three basic layers. Enamel forms a hard cap which protects the tooth. Dentine forms the bulk of tooth and extends into the root along the root canal. The pulp contains blood vessels and nerves, which allow to detect pressure when chewing.
Growth of teeth
Human being have two sets of teeth during our lifetime .The first set are called primary, or milk ,teeth and they gradually appear in babies until a set of 20 is in place.
At about the age of 6 years, the roots of some milk teeth loosen and they start to be pushed out and replaced by the permanent or adult teeth.
A new born baby-has no visible teeth. Within the upper jaw and lower jaw, however, the milk teeth are developing. These start to erupt at around the age of 6 months.
A 5 year old-child has a full set of 20 milk teeth, consisting of 4 incisors,2 canines, and 4 molars in each jaw. The permanent teeth are developing and will push out.
A 9 year old-child has a combination of permanent and milk teeth. While most of the teeth are milk teeth, the first permanent molars and incisors have already erupted. By age 12,a child’s teeth are all permanent teeth.
A 20 year old – Jaws are fully grown and contain a full set of adult teeth. Some people’s wisdom teeth(the molars at the back of the jaw) do not erupt until their twenties
Pain in the teeth is called odontalgia.
Most commom cause
- Dental caries
- Gum disease
- injury of tooth
Signs and symptoms
The primary symptom of a toothache is pain in tooth and mouth .
The type of pain can vary and present itself in different ways:-
- Sharp, throbbing, or constant pain.
- Tooth pain that only occurs when pressure is applied.
- Swelling, painful gums.
- Bad taste in the mouth (from an infection in a tooth)
- Fever or headache.
- Plantago mother tincture: It gives relief for toothache. Apply mother tincture on affected tooth and rub on the gums
- Merc sol.: Swelling in root of decayed tooth. Crown gets decayed, root remains normal. Increased saliva with thirst. Feeling as if teeth have become long, increased pain during night.
- Thuja: Toothache due to decay of tooth at root. Pain increased by tea,cold water and chewing. Gums swollen.
- Kreosote: Teeth decay very fast, become black and uneven. Pain.
- Staphysagria: Teeth get black, crumble, pain when touched; cold water is not tolerable. There occurs pricking pain in the roots of the decayed teeth.
- Coffea-: As long as water remains in the mouth there is no pain, but when it becomes warm, there is pain again.
- Spigelia: When there is pain without any apparent cause. Feeling of pain after meal. There is no pain during the day, but starts in the night. No pain while smoking.
- Chamomilla: Intolerable pain in the whole dental row, gets relief after hot fomentation or hot water.
- Arnica: Toothache after exposure to cold
- Mag carb: Pain during cutting of wisdom tooth. Intolerable pain at rest.
- Homoeopathic cure for Common diseases by Dr.Yudhvir Singh
- Homoeopathic treatment Dental diseases by Dr.Kamal Kansal
- Family encyclopedia DK
- Boericke’s New Manual of Homoeopathic Materia Medica and Repertory by William Boreicke