World Diabetes day is one of the largest diabetes awareness campaign organized every year, with its presence in more than 160 countries reaching and impacting the life of more than 100 crores with its awareness campaigns, advocacy for better access to treatment and quality informational content to tackle the diabetes.
Diabetes is a disorder in which the body fails to process and utilize the glucose which is produced from the food we consume. Glucose is the leading source of energy in the body. Inefficient assimilation of glucose can hamper one’s day-to-day activity, and unmanaged diabetes could lead to fatal complications like cardiovascular issues, nerve damage, kidney damage, foot damage, skin infections, erectile dysfunction, depression, dental problems and more.
World Diabetes Day 2022 Theme
This year 2022, World Diabetes Day theme is “Education to protect tomorrow” under the combined theme of the World Diabetes Day 2021-23 campaign “ACCESS TO DIABETES CARE “.
This year 2022 theme is focused on intensive diabetes education for the healthcare professionals and the people living with diabetes which would enables better accessibility to quality educational platform educating and encouraging for early diagnosis and adhering better lifestyle and preventive tips to fight the escalating prevalence of diabetes worldwide.
This year theme also focuses on providing better educational content and coaching to the healthcare professional on effectively detecting and diagnosing the diabetes and utilizing their precious time to impart education to the diabetes patients on how to prevent this disease by having lifestyle changes. This would definitely provide a mental support to the patients and help the patient to understand its current situation to help prevent any further complications.
History of World Diabetes Day (WDD)
World Diabetes Day (WDD) was founded by International Diabetes Foundation (IDF) with the collaboration with World Health Organization (WHO) in 1991, and it became official United Nation Day in 2006 under the UN Resolution 61/225.
The day 14 November was chosen to commemorate the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of Insulin along with Charles Best in 1922.
The campaigns organized on World Diabetes Day is denoted with “Blue Circle Logo”, Which was induced in the year 2007 just after the day was officially recognized by United Nation, and since then Blue Circle is considered as the global symbol of Diabetes Awareness and denotes the coalition of global diabetes communities in combating the growing cases of diabetes.
Preventive Measures to Manage Diabetes
According to International Diabetes Foundation it is estimated that around 54.1 crore adults are at the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, which has become the utmost concern to address worldwide to bring the risk down by promoting the awareness programs and quality diabetes educational platforms to educate them to manage and prevent diabetes in its early stage.
Type 2 Diabetes can be prevented and managed with proper lifestyle habits, proper management of diet intake (diets which are low or below 50 in Glycemic Index. Type 2 Diabetes is a condition where insulin is not adequately produced and efficiently used (also called insulin resistance), which can be reinstated by following a disciplined lifestyle, self-monitoring and keeping eye on the fluctuations of blood sugar, regular consultation with the doctors.
Some of the preventive tips to control diabetes are:
- Avoid sugar and refined carbohydrates intake
- Practice to eat small portion of meal at one time
- Include fibers and food which are low in Glycemic index
- Quit smoking, which promotes insulin resistance
- Make a habit of doing regular exercise for at least 30 minutes a day
- Keep eye on your blood cholesterol level (Ideal should be below 200). LDL (low-density lipoprotein) below 100, HDL (high-density lipoprotein) above 20 and triglycerides below 150
- Have proper management of your blood pressure, which should be 130/80 or lower
- Avoid intake of aerated drinks and other beverages with added sugar, which can raise the risk of Type 2 diabetes, make a habit of consuming normal water.
- Get updated with diabetes control preventive tips.
- Promote and encourage the diabetes related campaign to spread the awareness to the needy one.