National Epilepsy Day 2021: Know about Epilepsy, its Causes, Symptoms, and Key Facts
National Epilepsy Day 2021: It is observed on 17 November annually to spread awareness about epilepsy disease. Do you know what is epilepsy, how is it caused, symptoms and treatment? Let us find out!
Epilepsy is a chronic brain disorder resulting in recurrent ‘seizures’ or ‘fits’. Seizures occur due to the sudden, excessive electrical discharges in the neurons or brain cells. This type of condition can affect people at any age and each age group suffers from different problems. Therefore, we can say that Epilepsy is a neurological condition in which the tendency to have seizures starts in the brain.
Epilepsy is a chronic non-communicable disorder in the brain which generates brief, strong and sudden abnormal bursts of electrical energy. This affects many other parts and functions of the brain leading to recurrent unprovoked seizures. When these seizures happen twice or more, it is usually observed as the case of epilepsy. Recurrent seizures are brief episodes that may cause involuntary movement in the body – partially or entirely. Loss of consciousness and control of bladder function are additional signs which may accompany the seizures. Seizures episodes take place due to the excessive discharges in the neurons. People at any age can get affected by this. However, issues and experiences can vary from person to person of different age groups.
-Brain damage from prenatal and perinatal injury
-Stroke and Brain Tumors
-Head Injury/ Accidents
Symptoms of Epilepsy:
– Loss of consciousness
– Muscles of arms, legs, or face become stiffed.
– Different types of sensations like sort of pricking pins or needles in arms or legs.
– Uncontrollable jerking motions in arms or legs etc.
-Prolonged high fever during childhood
How to Deal With Seizures:
-Loosen any tight or uncomfortable neckwear
-Allow the patient to rest or sleep
-Put a soft pillow under their head
-Remove sharp or other harmful objects from around the person
National Epilepsy Day: Significance
The national epilepsy day is a campaign started at a national level by the Epilepsy Foundation in India. Their aim was to raise awareness, educate people and seek formation for policies to fight against the prevalence of the disease with a political and medical view point. It is important that the medical health organizations, individuals and the policy makers or government come together to take a stand against this disease which can be effectively managed, yet disrupts the lives of 10 million people in our country.