Over 50 % of adults will develop these small varicose swellings in and around the anus . They feel like lumps which will bleed or itch . There is no connection between varicose veins and haemorrhoids or piles , although both appear to be common in humans (who walk on two legs ) as opposed to animals (four legs ) . There are three degrees of piles . First degree piles bleed but do not prolapse ,or come down outside the anus . second degree piles prolapse on defecation but can return inside the anus Third degree piles remain external to the anus . one other form of piles which can be extremely painful is an external pile , which develops rapidly after straining and is felt like a painful lump- a small blood clot .
The most likely explanation for haemorrhoids is the low fibre diet all too common in western cultures and the subsequent constipation that ensues . The increased straining required to defecate is felt to increase pressure on the veins in the anal canal , which can destroy their valves . Pregnancy is another common cause partly because of the increased pressure and straining during labor , but also because pregnancy hormones allow the walls of the anal veins to relax .
- Bleeding usually at the beginning or end of defecation
- Itchy anus with discharge
- A little blood on toilet paper
- Lump around the anus , with or without pain
- Feeling of fullness and some thing come down from the anus
- Grape-like swelling through the anus
Prevention and Self Help :
It is important to have a proper medical diagnosis before embarking on your own treatment . A doctor will perform a rectal examination , as well as examine the inner lining of the anus . once other conditions have been excluded , then it will be useful to pursue the following measures .
- If in great pain , hot baths and hot compresses pressed on the anus will provide relief .
- Avoid constipation and develop a whole food diet and regular toilet habits .
- Regular exercise will help to prevent constipation .
- Local anaesthetic creams and suppositories are available from chemists
Take care with your personal hygiene , make sure you keep the anal area clean by washing with warm water after defecation .
“Regular exercise helps prevent constipation , which in turn prevents the formation of haemorrhoids . A healthy life style pays dividends “!!!
“Large amount of fiber content food items will encourage easy bowel motions.”
Piles ( haemorroids ) :;Piles can occur at any age , but they are a frequent complication of pregnancy . Internal piles are varicose veins occurring in the anal canal often , however piles become external and although these are painless , they may develop a clot within themselves which may be very painful . An early symptom of piles is anal irritation . there may be a feeling of “some thing coming down “, particularly after defecation and in about half of the cases there is anal bleeding . Although haemorroids are not a serious medical problem , any unexplained rectal or anal pain or bleeding , requires early medical diagnosis
Symptoms /Medicines :
A sensation of splinters in the rectum , aching in the lower part of the back , purple piles . Burning itching dryness of the anus , anal pain for hours after stools are passed .
Severe lower back ache —- Aesculus hippocastanum
Piles protrude like a bunch of grapes and bleed easily , cold water applications provide relief , marked burning in the anus , tendency to diarrhoea –Aloe socortina
Bluish colored piles , a stretching pain when stools are passed , which is worse for heat ——arsenicum album
Bleeding piles , anal burning , itching smarting and stinging occurs when passing stools ——- Capsicum
Pain full bleeding piles , constipation with no urge to defecate itching around the anus —-collinsonia
Piles protrude , burn and sting , piles are worse when sitting –Graphites
Piles bleed profusely , burning soreness and a sensation of fullness anus feels raw , back ache and an urging to pass stools —-Hamamelis
A sharp stitching pain shoots up the rectum , piles protrude when stools are passed and need pushing back —–Igntia
Pain full piles —–Mellifolium
Bluish , hot , painful piles ——Muriatic acid
Piles and anal prolapse —-podophyllum
Anal oozing of soft faeces ,itching and burning with redness around the anus , early morning diarrhoea on waking —Sulphur