A case report on Conversion Disorder

A case report on Conversion Disorder

A psychological  disorder in which a motivational conflict  has been converted into physical symptoms; the person appears to have various ailments, but these ailments have no physical basis.

The common theme shared by  conversion disorders is a partial or complete loss of the normal integration between memories of the past, awareness of identity and immediate sensation , and control of bodily movements.

The diagnosis usually requires assessment in secondary care, where it is found in approximately 5% of referrals to neurology clinics. The incidence of individual persistent conversion symptoms is estimated to be 2-5/100,000 per year.

In the past, conversion disorder was thought to be an entirely psychological disorder, where psychological problems get “converted” Into physical symptoms. Today, conversion disorder is recognized as its own distinct disorder. Psychological issues (for example, trauma, personal conflicts, life stressors) are often seen in patients with conversion disorder symptoms, but are not always present in all patients.

Age- a peak onset in the mid- to -late 30s .

A case of conversion Disorder:   

A 18 years female patient was admitted to the IPD ( in patient department) of Swasthya Kalyan Homoeopathic Medical College and Research Centre, Jaipur on 11th January 2020 by her attendant with the following symptoms and whole case was given by her attendant.

Present Illness 

Sudden unconscious at 1:30 pm at hospital

  • Duration- few seconds to few minutes
  • Temporal headache
  • No nausea, no vomiting, no vertigo
  • Mild trembling in right upper limb.
  • Blinking movement in bilateral eyelids.

No tongue bite, no involuntary passage of urine and stool.

History of presenting illness

The patient complaint has started 3 years back. No acute stressor identified but she was attached with a guy and that was one sided affection. Constant thinking about that guy.

Patient has similar complaints of frequent episode of faintness since 2017 for which she was under irregular treatment.

  • First  episode had occurred in 31st January, 2017 .
  • Onset- sudden
  • Duration- few seconds to few minutes and progressive
  • Sudden faintness
  • Trembling in upper right limb
  • Blinking movement of bilateral eyelids
  • Feeling of coldness in bilateral lower limb
  • Headache
  • Palpitations
  • Aggravation on thinking about her complaint
  • Aggravation in company

Consulted with many doctors but got no relief and all the investigations were normal.

Family history

Mother had suffered from diabetes mellitus and father from hypertension.

Physical general

Perspiration was scanty

Mental generals

Patient was reserved by nature. Her anger was suppressed. She does not like to share her personal things and she likes music.

Mental state examination

  • Appearance and behaviour- tall and healthy ( Obese )
  • Smiling face , had conversation without hesitation.
  • Motor activity- Poor
  • Speech – Coherent
  • Affect – Emotional, comfortable interaction
  • Thought process – Not clear
  • Perception disturbance- No
  • Cognition- Good

Discussion and conclusion

It was a case diagnosed with conversion disorder and the treatment of single episode of disease is presented here. The patient was under homoeopathic treatment only from the day of admission to the in patient department. She was admitted with conversion symptoms. She was not on regular medication before this.  

On the day of admission, the more prominent symptoms of the patient were used for repertorization.

Ignatia amara 200 was selected after referring material medica. Ignatia amara was selected because it seemed to cover the symptoms of the patient like reserved nature, doesn’t like to share personal things, like music , anger suppressed, hysterical fainting, contradiction aggravation and mental exertion aggravation.

Repertorization sheet

conversion sheet




The prescribed medicine was repeated after 30 minutes.

Follow ups 

Date of prescriptionMedicine prescribedChanges in symptoms
11/ January/20202:58 pmIgnatia amara 200Patient respondEye movementVitals normal
11/January/20203:15 pmIgnatia amara 200Patient become consciousTook deep breathTrembling in lower extremityEye movementSit with support and drink waterCame outside and with her friends but falls again
11/January/20204:19 pmIgnatia amara 200Become conscious again Patient interact with smiling  faceVitals normal
11/January/20204:50 pmMet her relative and collapsed againIgnatia amara 1mPatient was conscious and all vital were  normal
2/March / 2020Ignatia amara 1mPatient was in conscious state All vitals were normal
About the Authors:
Dr Deepika Shishodia(1), Dr Swati Upadhyay(2), Dr Chandrabhan Sharma, MD (Hom) (3).

Designation & Institute:

PGR MD 2 (Hom) Psychiatry, 2. PGR MD 2 (Hom) Psychiatry, 3.  Assistant Professor in Department of Psychiatry, Swasthya Kalyan Homoeopathic Medical College & Research Centre, Jaipur.

About the author

Dr Deepika Shishodia

Dr Deepika Shishodia
MD PGR (Hom.)
Department of Psychiatry
Swasthya Kalyan Homoeopathic Medical College & Research Centre , Jaipur.