Homoeopathy is a form of complementary medicine that is based on the premise that “like cures like” and that the body’s natural healing processes can be triggered by extremely diluted substances. Although homoeopathy is not frequently seen as a primary intervention in surgical procedures, it can complement a variety of surgical care needs.
Keywords: Complementary, Homoeopathy, Surgical treatment, preoperative, postoperative, holistic, conventional, potentization, Vital Force(VF), similia similibus curentur.
The integration of several medical systems has gained significance in the realm of healthcare as a method of providing patients with holistic care. The combination of homoeopathy and conventional surgical treatments is one such integration that has proven effectiveness. Homoeopathy is a complementary medical approach that has been acclaimed for its capacity to boost the body’s natural healing mechanisms. It provides a complementary strategy that treats both the physical and energetic aspects of a patient’s health when combined with surgical procedures. 
Homoeopathy, discovered in the latter part of the 18th century by Samuel Hahnemann, is based on the principle of “similia similibus curantur”. It operates on the belief that substances which produce symptoms in a healthy person can be used in highly diluted forms to treat similar symptoms in a sick individual. This concept of potentization, in which substances are diluted and succussed (shaken vigorously), is central to homoeopathic preparations. 
The Role of Homoeopathy in Surgical Cases [3, 4, 5, 7]
Preparing a patient for surgery as well as assisting with their postoperative recovery, Homoeopathy can play an important role. Homoeopathy remedies are frequently used to reduce preoperative anxiety and assist postoperative healing by reducing discomfort, swelling, pain and bruising.
Anxiety and Stress Management:
Anxiety and stress caused by surgery can have physiological effects on the body. Homoeopathic remedies like Aconitum napellus or Argentum or Gelsemium sempervirens may be used to help patients manage pre-operative anxiety and fear, ensuring a smoother surgical experience :
This remedy is recommended for patients who are excessively agitated or scared before surgery, especially if they are afraid they may die. A state of worry and anxiety; mental and physical suffering. The most common expression of Aconite is physical and mental restlessness, as well as fear. Delirium can be defined by discontent, stress, fear, rage, and, in rare cases, unconsciousness. Symptoms include being easily startled, being sensitive to light and noise, having a dry mouth, and being thirsty.
This remedy is indicated before surgery who feels fearful and nervous; impulse to jump out of window. Melancholic; apprehensive of serious disease. Anxiety: With gastrointestinal symptoms, with palpitation, apprehensive, hurried and impulsive. Bad effects of anxiety or suspense. Impulsive but apprehensive with loss of control somewhere. Distraction. Taciturn. Timid. Builds air – castles by day and has monstrous dreams at night.
This medicine can aid someone who is worried before an operation and has trembling, tiredness, and often diarrhoea or headache. Desire to be alone, to be silent. “Discerning’s are lethargied.” Apathy regarding his illness. Absolute lack of fear. Emotional excitement, fear, etc, lead to bodily ailments. General prostration. Dizziness, drowsiness, dullness, and trembling. Slow pulse, tired feeling, mental apathy.
Promoting General Health: Homoeopathy can be used to address underlying health conditions, which improve the overall readiness of a patient for surgery.
Pain Management: Homoeopathic remedies like Arnica montana are commonly used to help manage post-operative pain, swelling and bruising.
It alleviates the pain, bruising, and swelling caused by trauma, surgery, or overexertion. It is especially useful in circumstances where there has been an injury. The limbs and body ache as if beaten; joints as if sprained. Echymosis and bleeding. Relaxed blood vessels, black and blue spots. Tendency to tissue degeneration, septic conditions, abscesses that do not mature. Sore, lame, bruised feeling..
Bruising and trauma to deep internal tissues after abdominal, breast, or trunk surgery can be treated with this remedy, especially if stiffness or coldness have developed in the affected area.
Ledum palustre relieves bruising around wounds from pointed objects . For instance, after a biopsy, insertion of a cannula, after inserting an IV catheter, intravenous drip, or infusion, after a blood test .
This remedy is helpful for early stages of any inflammation and reduces the chance of soreness and infection after surgery.
It is useful if there is pain from inflammation with fever after the operation. It is the best first option if there is inflammation from infection, wound or a medical procedure. Pain, redness, heat and swelling are the first symptoms of an inflammatory process .
This relieves sleeplessness with worries, overactive thoughts, and hypersensitivity to pain. Neuralgia in various parts; always with great nervous excitability and intolerance of pain, driving to despair, with tearfulness.
This homeopathic remedy relieves weakness due to loss of fluids (diarrhoea, bleeding and sweating), with gas in the abdomen.
It can help with passive bleeding if a person’s veins are weak, as well as ease discomfort following varicose vein and hemorrhoid surgery.
It can help with stiffness, discomfort, and restlessness following surgery. It is typically indicated after operations on tonsils and adenoids, appendectomy, and dental surgery.
This remedy is often useful after surgeries involving tendons, connective tissue, cartilage, joints, and coverings of the bones. It eases discomfort and promote recovery after surgery on knees, wrists, shoulders, elbows, ankles, hips, etc. It is also be soothing if deep stiffness is felt in joints and muscles after surgery.
Faster Wound Healing:
Homoeopathic treatments can help with wound healing by encouraging cellular repair mechanisms. Calendula officinalis, for example, promotes faster healing of wounds and reduces the likelihood of infection when applied topically or taken internally.
It is wonderful remedy for healing. useful for ulcers, open wounds, and other sores that won’t heal. Healing rapidly by first intention through promotes healthy granulations. Pain is excessive and out of all proportion to injury. It has remarkable power to produce local exudation and helps to make acrid discharge healthy and free. Eyes Injuries that tend to suppuration; after operations; blenorrhœa of lachrymal sac. The most effective healing agent is locally aqueous calendula (marigoldin) for all wounds.
It is indicated in infection during wound healing. It acts in homeopathy like a general antibiotic in cases where fever continues for a long period after the surgery, maybe even weeks, and the infection does not respond to antibiotics. Apart from the fever, the pulse is very fast, out of proportion to the temperature. Pyrogen need to be repeated frequently, if there is an infection on top of any other remedies .
Minimizing Side Effects of Anaesthesia:
Some homoeopathic remedies can potentially help with the side effects of anaesthesia, such as nausea, vomiting, and confusion.
This remedy is helpful if a person has trouble recovering from the effects of anaesthesia. Symptoms can include disorientation, stupor, weakness, nausea and vomiting. The person may be thirsty but often vomits after drinking.
It is well indicated after surgery recovering from effect of anaesthesia, including symptoms a feeling of continuous nausea that is not better by vomiting .
Enhancing Immune Response
Surgery, although crucial, can temporarily weaken the immune system. Homoeopathic remedies are known for their ability to stimulate the body’s natural defense mechanisms Vital force by addressing the patient’s individual constitution, homoeopathy can enhance the immune response, facilitating a quicker recovery.
Minimizing Pain and Discomfort
Homoeopathy can be a valuable adjunct in managing postoperative pain. Remedies like Hypericum perforatum and Staphysagria can be used to alleviate nerve pain and incisional discomfort respectively, providing relief without interfering with prescribed pain medications.
This remedy relieves pain that seems to follow the nerve’s path. The great remedy for injuries to nerves, especially of fingers, toes and nails. Excessive painfulness is a guiding symptom to its use. Punctured wounds. Relieves pain after operations. Quite supersedes the use of Morphia after operations (Helmuth). Injured nerves from bites of animals. Tetanus. Neuritis, tingling, burning and numbness.
This remedy relieves itching or pain in surgical or clean-cut wounds, and warts. Nervous affections with marked irritability. Lacerated tissues. Pain and nervousness after extraction of teeth. Sphincters lacerated or stretched.
Addressing Chronic Conditions:
For patients with chronic conditions like diabetes or hypertension, homoeopathy may be used in conjunction with conventional treatments to optimize their overall health status before surgery.
Addressing Surgical Complications:
In cases of surgical complications or adverse reactions to anaesthesia, homoeopathic remedies can provide a gentle yet effective approach to address symptoms. Individualized treatment plans can be devised to support the body in overcoming such challenges.
Psychological and Emotional Support:
In order to help patients deal with the stress and psychological difficulties brought on by surgery, homoeopathy can be employed as an emotional and psychological support system.
Reduction of Side Effects:
Some homeopathic remedies help reduce side effects associated with surgery, such as constipation from pain medications or urinary retention from anesthesia.
This remedy reduces thick scars .
This remedy is often indicated after the use of opioid analgesia that creates paralysis of the intestines .
If there is no desire for a stool at all, use it twice per day. Inactivity of the rectum and bowels .
Holistic Approach to Patient Care:
Homoeopathy considers the patient as a whole, taking into account not only physical symptoms but also emotional and mental well-being. This holistic approach complements surgical interventions by addressing the patient’s overall state, potentially improving their response to treatment .
A possible method of improving patient care is the incorporation of homoeopathy into surgical treatments. Homoeopathy offers a supplementary strategy that supports the body’s natural healing processes before, during, and after surgery by concentrating on the individual’s particular constitution and employing very diluted treatments. While it is crucial to collaborate with practitioners of traditional medicine, the synergistic effects of homoeopathy and surgery can result in better results and a more comprehensive healing process for the patient. For individualized advice and treatment strategies, as with any medical procedure, it is critical to speak with trained healthcare specialists.
It is important to note that while some patients and healthcare providers find benefit in using homeopathy in conjunction with surgery, it should not replace standard surgical procedures or medical treatments when they are medically necessary. Homeopathic remedies are considered low-risk because of their extreme dilution, but they should be used under the guidance of a trained homeopathic practitioner or in collaboration with a conventional medical team.
The role of homeopathy in surgery is primarily supportive and aimed at enhancing the patient’s overall well-being, reducing discomfort, and aiding in the recovery process. Patients considering homeopathic treatment as part of their surgical care should consult with both their surgeon and a qualified homeopathic practitioner to ensure safe and appropriate integration of these therapies.
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About the Author:
- Dr. Ravi Kumar
PGT, Department of Practice of Medicine,
R.B.T.S. Government Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Muzaffarpur, Bihar.
- Dr. Priyanka Priyam
PGT, Department of Materia Medica,
R.B.T.S. Government Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Muzaffarpur, Bihar.