Haemorrhoids are swollen, inflamed veins around your anus or the lower part of your rectum. There are two types:

External haemorrhoids, which form under the skin around your anus.

.Internal haemorrhoids, which form in the lining of your anus and lower rectum.

Epidemiology- Worldwide, the prevalence of symptomatic haemorrhoids is estimated at 4.4% in the general population.

In India It has been projected that about 50% of the population would have haemorrhoids at some point in their life probably by the time they reach the age 50, and approximately 5% population suffer from haemorrhoids at any given point of time.

Haemorrhoids happen when there is too much pressure on the veins around the anus. This can be caused by:

Straining during bowel movements

Sitting on the toilet for long periods of time

Chronic constipation or diarrhoea

A low-fibre diet

Weakening of the supporting tissues in your anus and rectum. This can happen with aging and pregnancy.

Frequently lifting heavy objects

What are the symptoms of haemorrhoids?

The symptoms of haemorrhoids depend on which type you have:

With external haemorrhoids, you may have:

Anal itching

One or more hard, tender lumps near your anus

Anal pain, especially when sitting

Too much straining, rubbing, or cleaning around your anus may make your symptoms worse. For many people, the symptoms of external haemorrhoids go away within a few days.

With internal haemorrhoids, you may have

Bleeding from your rectum – you would see bright red blood in your stool, on toilet paper, or in the toilet bowl after a bowel movement

Prolapse, which is a haemorrhoid that has fallen through your anal opening

Internal haemorrhoids are usually not painful unless they are prolapsed. Prolapsed internal haemorrhoids may cause pain and discomfort.

*How are haemorrhoids diagnosed?*

To make a diagnosis, your health care provider:

Will ask about your medical history

Will do a physical exam. Often providers can diagnose external haemorrhoids by looking at the area around your anus.

Will do a digital rectal exam to check for internal haemorrhoids. For this, the provider will insert a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel for anything that is abnormal.

May do procedures such as an endoscopy to check for internal haemorrhoids

What are the treatments for haemorrhoids?

If at-home treatments for haemorrhoids don’t help you, you may need a medical procedure. There are several different procedures that your provider can do in the office. These procedures use different techniques to cause scar tissue to form in the haemorrhoids. This cuts off the blood supply, which usually shrinks the haemorrhoids. In severe cases, you may need surgery.

How can I treat haemorrhoids at home?

You can most often treat your haemorrhoids at home by:

Eating foods that are high in fibre

Taking a stool softener or a fibre supplement

Drinking enough fluids every day

Not straining during bowel movements

Not sitting on the toilet for long periods of time

Taking over-the-counter pain relievers

Taking warm baths several times a day to help relieve pain. This could be a regular bath or a sitz bath. With a sitz bath, you use a special plastic tub that allows you to sit in a few inches of warm water.

Using over-the-counter haemorrhoid creams, ointments, or suppositories to relieve mild pain, swelling, and itching of external haemorrhoids

When do I need to see a health care provider for haemorrhoids?

You should see your health care provider if you:

Still have symptoms after 1 week of at-home treatment

Have bleeding from your rectum. Haemorrhoids are a common cause of bleeding, but other conditions can also cause bleeding. They include Cohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, colorectal cancer, and anal cancer. So it’s important to see your provider to find the cause of the bleeding.

Can haemorrhoids be prevented?

You can help prevent haemorrhoids by:

Eating foods that are high in fibre

Taking a stool softener or a fibre supplement

Drinking enough fluids every day

Not straining during bowel movements

Not sitting on the toilet for long periods of time

How Homeopathy helps to cure for haemorrhoids

Homoeopathy offers the best treatment for haemorrhoids. I say best not only because the cure rate is exceptionally good but also because Homoeopathic treatment for haemorrhoids offers several more advantages. It is very economical when compared to any other alternative or complementary treatment for haemorrhoids. At the same time, the homeopathic medicines do not have any side effects. This is one of the biggest advantages of Homoeopathy over any other system of medicine. While you are under treatment of any other system of medicine, you run the risk of getting one or the other side effect while Homoeopathic treatment for piles is absolutely safe. That is why I say that Homeopathy is the best when it comes to alternative or complementary treatment for Haemorrhoids.

Homoeopathic Approach

Homoeopathy is a holistic system of medicine that helps individuals suffering from haemorrhoids to reduce the rates of surgery. Various studies proved that homeopathy is very efficient in pain management and is a ray of hope.

Homeopathy treats the patient as a whole. According to $5 of organon of medicine, the fundamental cause of all chronic disease is nothing but Miasm Miasms are dynamic disease-producing powers that pollute human organisms and produce all possible diseases. Homoeopathic prescription is based on the totality of the symptoms which includes constitution and Miasm. Allen says that the disease is the vicarious embodiment of some miasmatic influence that has bonded itself with the life force, producing disease.

Homoeopathic Therapeutic


The action of the drug is most marked on the lower bowel, producing engorged haemorrhoidal veins, with characteristic backache and absence of actual constipation

Severe pain but little bleeding

Feels full of small sticks

Haemorrhoids like ground nuts

Anus raw, sore.

Haemorrhoids with sharp shooting pain up the back; blind and bleeding

<standing or walking


Haemorrhoids protrude like grapes; very sore and tender; better cold water application

Burning in the anus and rectum prevents sleep


Painful spasmodic protrusion of rectum

Tenesmus, burning pain, and pressure in the rectum and anus

Haemorrhoids burns like fire relieved by heat and at night

Emission of mucus by the anus, with tenesmus


Pelvic and portal congestion resulting in haemorrhoids and constipation, especially in females

Pruritus in pregnancy with piles

The sensation of sharp sticks in the rectum

Sensation of constriction

Obstinate constipation with protruding piles

Painful, bleeding piles

Itching in the anus


Haemorrhoids with bruised and soreness of affected part

Haemorrhoids bleeding profusely with soreness

Pulsations in rectum

Fullness and weight; back as if it would break


Haemorrhoids protrude, become constricted, and purplish

Stitches in them on sneezing or coughing

Constant urging in the rectum, not for stool.

Piles, irritable with painful drawing upward like a mouse tugging at one side and drawing it up

Large Haemorrhoidal tumours in persons addicted to spirituous drinks


Haemorrhoids are extremely sensitive to any touch; even a sheet of toilet paper is painful

Anal itching and prolapses any while maturating

Haemorrhoids during pregnancy; bluish hot with violent stitches

Haemorrhoids protrude like a bunch of grape


Violent cutting pain after stools, lasting for hours

Haemorrhages from bowel; profuse bright

Haemorrhoids bleed easily

After stools, irritable and exhausted


Itching blind haemorrhoids with ineffectual urging to stool

Very painful; after drastic drugs

Constant uneasiness in the rectum

<during medication and intellectual labour

Bloodless piles in hysterical women


White hard stools

Bleeding haemorrhoids

Protrusion and ready bleeding of haemorrhoidal tumours in rectum and anus, with pain from excoriation, when sitting or lying down


Great Hahnemannian antipsoric

Itching and burning in the anus

Piles depending on an abdominal plethora

Frequent unsuccessful desire

Haemorrhoids oozing and itching

Blind piles with burning as if something were biting at the anus, going away when lying down, coming on when standing or walking about

Haemorrhoids that protrude, ooze and bleed

Anus inflamed, swollen covered with red veins

Suppressed haemorrhoids with colic palpitation, congestion to lungs; back feels stiff as if bruised.

Dr.Pavan kumar Pandey


Associate Professor (Homoeopathic Materia medica Department)

Anushree homoeopathic medical college and hospital Jabalpur (M.P) Email id; [email protected]

About the author


Homeopathic Doctor, MD Scholar (Organon of Medicine)
Government Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.