Type 2 Diabetes - Can We Prevent? Yes! - homeopathy360
Practice of Medicine

Type 2 Diabetes – Can We Prevent? Yes!

Authored by:

DR.AMBEY JHA

MD SCHOLAR PART I (2018- 19 BATCH)

DEPT. OF HOMOEOPATHIC PHARMACY

FATHER MULLER HOMOEOPATHIC                                                                

MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL, MANGALURU

Introduction

This is a known fact that prevention is better than cure, but still we are neglecting that preventive part and rushing to cure, which can be avoided.

Diabetes currently affects more than 62 million Indians, which is more than 7.2%of the adult population. The average age on onset is 42.5 years. Nearly 1 million Indians die due to diabetes every year.

Diabetes type2 is a lifestyle disorder which means if you will change your lifestyle, risk of diabetes type2 will also reduce. Genetics inheritance of diabetes type 2 comes from our family (maternal and paternal side). Because of these genes mutation we are prone to develop diabetes and this diabetes flourish when we are leading unhealthy lifestyle and giving opportunity to develop diabetes in our body.

Obesity increases the chances of developing the common type of diabetes type2. In a research it has found that overeating, stresses the membranous network inside of cells called endoplasmic reticulum(ER). When the ER has more nutrients to process than it can handle, it sends out an alarm signal telling the cell to damp down the insulin receptors on the cell surface. This translates to insulin resistance and to persistently high concentrations of the sugar in the blood.

According to ICMR-INDIAB study 2015, prevalence rate of obesity and central obesity are varies from 11.8% to 31.3% and 16.9%–36.3% respectively in India.

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder in which the body cannot metabolize carbohydrates, fats, and proteins because of defects in insulin secretion and/or action of insulin. If we improve our metabolism by changing in lifestyles then surely we can prevent from diabetes and many more other lifestyle disorders.

Common causes of diabetes type2 – lifestyle:

  1. Sedentary lifestyle– Not doing any physical activity.
  2. Overeating– Being foodie is a trend now a day but we forgot that food is a need of our body if we will feed ourselves than need that will lead you to health related problem.
  3. Less sleep– Not sleeping at night and watching and surfing unnecessary stuffs on social media leads to increase in stress hormones and that leads to again weight gain. Directly or indirectly you are inviting diseases.
  4. Untimely eating habits– Because of work we are not able to eat when we are hungry. This leads to fluctuation in the blood glucose levels which work against weight management.
  5. Eating or drinking packed sugars- excess eating of packed sugars leads to obesity and diabetes type2
  6. Diet coke and other beverages which claim to be sugar free but sweet in taste contains chemical which is affecting our hormonal levels.
  7. Drinking alcohol- Heavy drinking of alcohol leads to insulin resistance, even alcohol damages liver which is responsible for our metabolism.
  8. Smoking- High levels of nicotine can lessen the effectiveness of insulin in body.
  9. Obesity – Above other causes leads to obesity and obesity itself is most triggering factor for developing diabetes type2.

We are only responsible for our health, and in order to prevent diabetes we need to take a foot step to change our lifestyle and adapt Indian healthy lifestyle what it used to be earlier.

  1. Do not eat after 8 pm.
  2. Sleep early so that you can give required amount of rest to your body.
  3. Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking.
  4. Avoid eating packed foods, instead eat homemade cooked food.
  5. Avoid eating or drinking foods contains artificial sugar. Instead use natural sugar.
  6. Do physical activity of any kind for 1 hour daily. This reduce your stress levels and will reduce your sugar cravings also.Exercise is important to help prevent type 2 diabetes and has so many other benefits. It can help you keep lost weight off, and improve your heart health, and if you’re insulin resistant, it can help increase your body’s response to insulin (exercise so you will have better blood glucose control).
  7. If you are obese reduce weight.
  8. Eat healthy food which contains all the require nutrients, avoid overeating do not eat if you are not hungry eat only when your body require food.
  9. Drinks lots of water.
  10. While eating chew your food properly so that food will properly absorbed in your body and also you will eat less because chewing gives signals to our brain through neurotransmitters that food is getting food.

Tips for diabetes prevention

The interactions between genetics and the environment make it difficult to identify a definite cause of type 2 diabetes. However, that doesn’t mean you can’t reduce your risk through changing your habits.

The Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study (DPPOS), a large, 2012 study of people at high risk for diabetes, suggests that weight loss and increased physical activity can prevent or delay type 2diabetes.

Blood glucose levels returned to normal levels in some cases. Other reviews of multiple studies have reported similar results.

Here are some things you can start doing today to reduce your risk for type 2 diabetes:

Start an exercise program

Slowly add physical activity into your daily routine. For example, take the stairs instead of the elevator or park further away from building entrances. You can also try going for a walk during lunch.

Once you’re ready, you can start adding light weight training and other cardiovascular activities to your routine. Aim for 45 minutes of exercise each day

Create a healthy meal plan

It can be hard to avoid extra carbohydrates and calories when you’re dining out. Cooking your own meals is the easiest way to make healthy choices.

Come up with a weekly meal plan that includes dishes for every meal. Stock up on all of the groceries you’ll need, and do some of the prep work ahead of time.

You can ease yourself into it, too. Start by planning your lunches for the week. Once you’re comfortable with that, you can plan out additional meals.

Choose healthy snacks

Stock up on healthy snack options so you aren’t tempted to reach for a bag of chips or candy bar. Here are some healthy, easy-to-eat snacks you may want to try:

Discussion

Our health is in our hand and how we take care of our body this only depends on us. Leading healthy lifestyle is not that difficult, we have to start loving our body so that we can take care of it. Being healthy is a gift which we should cherish each day. This will not only prevent diabetes type2 but many other disease conditions. Like type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is inherited. This means a group of genes that can lead to type 2 is passed down from mothers and fathers to their children. Not everyone who inherits the genes will develop it, but if you have the genes for type 2 diabetes, you’ve got a greater chance of developing it. These inherited genes are the seeds of diabetic type 2 in the body and these seeds will only grow when they will get proper environment and soil. We give that environment to grow diabetes by our unhealthy lifestyle. So if we will not provide the environment to develop diabetes instead we will not get the high risk also.

Reference:

  1. K.Park, Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, 23rd edition, 2015, Publisher India: Bhanot.
  2. Mohan Harsh. Textbook of Pathology.6th ed. Chandigarh: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (p) ltd; 2005.p.842-854.
  3. Shlomelmed, Kenneth Polonsky, P. Reed Larsen, Henry kronenberg Williams, Textbook of Endocrinology, 12th edition.
  4. Robbins & Cotran, Pathologic Basis of Disease, South Asia edition, volume 2, 4th edition, p.1105-1120.
  5. Mohan Harsh. Textbook of Pathology.6th ed. Chandigarh: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (p) ltd; 2005.p.842-854.
  6. Piyush Gupta, Textbook of Preventive and Social medicine, 3rd edition. CBS Publisher and Distributors.
  7. Rao CR, Kamath VG, Shetty A, Kamath A. A study on the prevalence of the type 2 diabetes in coastal Karnataka. International journal of diabetes in developing countries.2010 apr; 30(2); 80.
  8. URL: https://scholar.google.com/scholar?um=1&ie=UTF-8&lr&cites=3171312741267484590
  9. URL: https://scholar.google.com/scholar?gs_lcp=CgZwc3ktYWIQARgBMgcIABCxAxBDMgUIABCRAjIECAAQQzIECAAQQzIECAAQQzIFCAAQsQMyBwgAELEDEEMyAggAMgUIABCxAzIECAAQQzoICAAQsQMQgwE6DggAEOoCELQCEJoBEOUCOgcIABDJAxBDOggILhDHARCjAjoKCAAQsQMQyQMQQzoFCC4QsQM6CwguELEDEMcBEKMCUJBGWKFgYJdtaAFwAXgAgAG2AYgBsQqSAQMwLjiYAQCgAQGqAQdnd3Mtd2l6sAEGwAEB&um=1&ie=UTF-8&lr&cites=1450426384306067318
DR AMBEY JHA
Author: DR AMBEY JHA

Leave a Comment