Authors: Dr. Mohammad Salahuddin1, Dr. Sandhya Rathour2, Dr. Shivangi jain2, Dr. Manju Bijarnia2
1. HOD, Department of Anatomy, Homoeopathy University, Jaipur (Raj.)
2. PG scholar Department of Paediatrics, Dr. M.P.K. Homoeopathic Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Jaipur (Raj.)
Pica is repeated eating disorder of non-food items such as dust, chalk, toothpaste, paint, lead, soap. This habit of children may cause many health related problems such as infection, constipation, diarrhoea etc. By giving the homoeopathic medicine we can correct the habit of children. And prevent them from many diseases and improve immunity of the child.
KEYWORDS: Pica, Homoeopathic, Iron Deficiency, Sand, Chalk.
Pica is the persistent eating of the indigestible substance such as chalk, sand, the age of onset is usually 1-2 yrs. In children pica can be associated with mental retardation, iron deficiency, family deprivation, low social economic condition. This habit is also co relate with poor nutrition of child. Children usually need provided /eating habit to attempt to satisfy the body’s demand. Continuous eating of indigestible things can cause lead poisoning, infection, teeth on gum problems. Some things such as abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhoea. They may also ingest food that is decomposed. More deleterious cases include the ingestion of paint, nails, plaster, glue, plastic and pieces of metal. Specific types of pica include:
• Coprophagia (feces)
• Geophagia (dirt, soil, clay)
• Hyalophagia (glass)
• Lithophagia (stones)
• Trichophagia (hair)
• Xylophagia (wood)
DIAGNOSIS: To diagnosis the doctor will advice for blood test to find any toxins in blood or possible anemia, x-ray to find any blockage in the intestine.
In this condition doctor will treats your constipation, abdominal pain and other presenting complain by giving iron, zinc supplements and dietary. And educate or council parents and children about their behavioural or mental health condition.
1. ALUMINA: Abnormal cravings-chalk, charcoal, dry food, tea-grounds. Heartburn; feels constricted. Aversion to meat. Potatoes disagree. Delicate children, products of artificial baby foods. Time passes slowly. Suicidal tendency when seeing knife or blood.
2. CALCAREA CARBONICA: Craving for indigestible things-chalk, coal, pencils. Aversion to meat, boiled things. Children crave eggs and eat dirt and other indigestible things; are prone to diarrhœa. Calcarea patient is fat, fair, flabby and perspiring and cold, damp and sour. Forgetful, confused, low-spirited. Delirium with visions of fires, murders, rats and mice.
3. CICUTA VIROSA: Desire for unnatural things, like coal. Mania, with dancing, laughing, and ridiculous gestures; with heat of the body and longing for wine. Forgets his own name.
4. IGNATIA AMARA: Craves raw or indigestible things; sour things, bread esp. rye bread. Nausea or vomiting amel. indigestible things. Anger, followed by quiet grief and sorrow. Fear of robbers at night. Intolerance of noise. Changeable disposition; jesting and laughing, changing to sadness, with shedding of tears.
5. NITRICUM ACIDUM: Longing for fats, salt, indigestible things, chalk, earth etc. Weakness of intellectual faculties, with unfitness for intellectual labour. Excessive weakness of memory. Uneasiness respecting health, with fear of death. Yellow colour of face, and esp. round eyes, with redness of cheeks. Dark yellow, almost brown complexion.
6. SILICEA: Repugnance to all food, esp. to cooked and hot things, with desire for cold, raw things only. Aversion to boiled food. Loathing of animal food, which proves indigestible. Aversion of a child to its mother’s milk, with vomiting after sucking. Pale and earthy complexion. Fixed ideas; the patient thinks only of pins, fears them, searches for them, and counts them carefully. Obstinacy and great irritability.
7. TARENTULA HISPANICA: Craving for sand or raw food. Aversion to meat, bread. Thirst for a cold water. Sudden alteration of mood. Sensitive to music. Averse to company, but wants someone present. Destructive, destroys whatever she can lay hand on, tears her clothes etc.
1. SYNTHESIS REPERTORY:
• GENERALS- FOOD AND DRINKS, lime ( =derived from limestone), desire: Alum., calc., cic., con., ferr., hep., hyos., ign., Nit- Ac., Nux- v., oci., sil., sulph., tarent.
• GENERALS- FOOD AND DRINKS, lime, slate pencils, earth, chalk, clay, desire: Alum, Alumn., Ant-C.,Calc. ,calc-p., chel., cic., ferr., ign. lac-f., nat-m., NIT-AC., Nux-v., oci. ,Psor. ,sil. ,
sulph., TARENT., tub.
• GENERALS- FOOD AND DRINKS, soap, desire: calc
• GENERALS- FOOD AND DRINKS, charcoal, desire: alum., Calc., Cic., con., ign., nit-ac., nux-v., Psor.
• GENERALS- FOOD AND DRINKS, ashes, desire: tarent
2. MURPHY’S REPERTORY:
• Food – Indigestible, things, agg,- desire: CALC., LACH., NIT-AC., SIL., TARENT., Alum.,Aur., Calc-p., Nux-v., abies-c., alumn., bell.,bry.,cic.,con., cycl., ferr.,ign., nat-mur., psor.
• Food – chalk, desire: ALUM., Calc., Sil., Tarent., alumn.,calc-p., cic.,con., nat mur., nit-ac., nux-v., oci., psor., sulph., tub.
• Food – mud, desire: alum.
• Food – Pencils, desire: calc.
• Food – Pica, desires to eat sand, slate, earth etc: ALUM., CALC., NIT-AC., Alumn., Nux-v. Tarent., calc-p., chel., cic., con., ferr.,hep., hyos., ign., nat-mur.,oci., psor., sil., sulph.
• Food – Sand, desires: TARENT., calc., sil.
3. KENT REPERTORY:
• Stomach- desires, Charcoal: alum., Cic., con., nit-ac., nux- v
• Stomach- desires, Indigestible things: Alum., alumn., bell., bry., Calc., calc-p.,cycl.
• Stomach- desires, Lime, slate pencils, earth, chalk, Clay etc: Alum., Calc., Cic., ferr., nat- m., nit- ac., nux-v.
4. COMPLETE REPERTORY:
• GENERALITIES – FOOD and drinks- coal, charcoal, desires: Alum., Calc., Cic., con., nit-ac.,nux-v.
• GENERALITIES – FOOD and drinks- mud, desires: alum.
• GENERALITIES – FOOD and drinks- lime, slate pencils, earth, chalk, clay, desires: Alum, Alumn., Ant-C.,Calc. ,calc-p., chel., cic., ferr., ign. lac-f., nat-m., NIT-AC., Nux-v., oci. ,
Psor. ,sil. ,sulph., Tarent., tub.
• GENERALITIES – FOOD and drinks- ashes, desires: tarent
5. BOERICKE O REPERTORY:
• STOMACH-Appetite- Craving- Charcoal, coal etc.: Alum., Calc., cic., ign., nit-ac., Psor.
Pica is a eating disorder in which children eat indigested to prevent this habit of children. Homoeopathic medicine is very effective to correct the prevented habit of children prevent them from many diseases. This disorder is more common 10- 30 % young children at age group 1 to 6 yrs.
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